What causes dehydration in dogs?

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When a dog loses 10 percent of his fluid, he needs to be taken to the veterinarian immediately because it’s a serious medical condition.

Dogs’ bodies are at least 80 percent water. It is essential to both animals and humans, transporting nutrients, removing toxins and aiding various body systems, such as digestion and circulatory. When dehydrated, if left untreated, it can lead to dangerous complications such as organ failure and death.

In order to prevent dehydration, it is important to understand how and why it occurs in dogs. Dehydration occurs after an extreme loss of bodily fluids. The essential minerals called electrolytes are depleted from the body. Dogs do not have sweat glands to cool them off like humans do. To relieve themselves from heat, they pant to regulate their body temperature. But the process of panting results in a rapid loss of bodily fluids, which will result in dehydration if the electrolytes do not get replaced.
Dogs get also become dehydrated from urinating, an illness or injury—and it happens very fast. Even a few hours of not eating or drinking because of vomiting or diarrhea can result in a trip to the vet for subcutaneous (water under the skin) treatment. Diabetes often causes frequent urination; similarly, your dog might take diuretics for a kidney problem.
Here’s a list of some of the things that can cause dehydration:
Not drinking enough water
Different types of illnesses (such as diabetes and kidney)
Recuperating from surgery
Overexposure to heat (especially heatstroke, a very real concern, especially if you live in a hot climate.)
Fever
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Lack of desire to eat or drink water
Overexertion
Stress, excessive panting and drooling can lead to fluid loss
Dry mouth
Tremors
General symptoms of dehydration include: sunken eyes, lethargy, appetite loss, dry mouth, depression and lack of skin elasticity. However, you’ll also need to be mindful of other things; for instance, heat stroke is a big cause of dehydration so, especially if you live in a hot climate, know those symptoms: Excessive panting, hyperventilation, increased salivation, dry gums that become pale, grayish and tacky, rapid or erratic pulse, weakness, confusion, inattention, vomiting; diarrhea; and possible rectal bleeding

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