What are the components of the canine digestive system?
The dog actually has the shortest digestive system of mammals and it takes roughly eight to nine hours for the process to complete. Because of this, she is unable to fully process large amounts of grains and fiber. These foods simply pass through the dog, leading to more waste for you to clean up.
Compared to you, your dog keeps her food in the stomach for a longer period of time, allowing the acid to break down animal proteins, bones, and fats. This explains why the dog can live with being fed only once or twice a day. She feels full longer because the food remains in her stomach longer.
You should be familiar with your dog’s eating and elimination habits. If your dog is acting out of sorts, has bloat, gas or any GI challenges, it can be an indication of poor diet or something else. This can cause other problems so be consistent with your dog’s feeding habits.
Here are the components of the dog’s digestive system:
• Mouth: Dogs do not have any amylase enzyme (as we do) in the saliva; rather, they have lysozyme, which kills any bacteria that may be present in whatever your dog chooses to eat. Humans, on the other hand, cook their food before eating it, so they don’t have this protective enzyme.
• Esophagus: Muscles move the food into the stomach.
• Stomach: Hydrochloric acid helps food process in the stomach; now it starts to pass though quickly because the dog’s intestines are so short.
• Small intestine: The liver and pancreas secrete digestive enzymes into the small intestine to aid in the breakdown of carbohydrates and fats, and all of the nutrients from the food should be absorbed into the bloodstream before the remaining elements pass into the large intestine.
• Large intestine: Bacteria break down anything that has not been fully digested and absorbed; this is the last stop before leaving the waste products to be excreted into your yard.