A very distinctive cat, the Scottish Fold has an interesting mutation that causes the cartilage of his ear to have a fold in it. This fold results in the ears bending forward and downwards toward the front of the cat’s head.
The dominant gene that is responsible for the fold in these cat’s ears first appeared in the early 1960s in two of the kittens born to a barn cat in Perthshire, Scotland. A breeding program was soon started and produced 76 kittens within the first three years of the program. It was determined that breeding the cats with folded ears could result in the majority of the kittens being born with folded ears, but some with straight ears could still appear in any litter.
All Scottish Fold kittens are born with ears that are straight and not folded. The kittens who will develop the folded ear will start to have their ears folding over by the time they are three weeks old.
A medium sized cat, the Scottish Fold can weigh up to 13 pounds, with females generally weighing no more than 9 pounds. Rounded bodies, rounded heads, and large and round eyes are all characteristics of this adorable breed. They have relatively short legs, shortened legs, and are known to for their sweet and sometimes startled expression.
The Scottish Fold can be shorthaired or longhaired and can be just about coat pattern or coloration, with the exception of the pointed colors familiar to Siamese and Burmese cats.
Gentle and good-natured cats, the Scottish Fold tends to be very affectionate, playful, and easy to get along with. They are great cats to have around other cats, dogs, and even small children.